Nagpur Municipal Corporation

जनतेच्या सेवेसाठी सदैव तत्पर

City Information

The city got its name from the River Nag or Nag people and is known since prehistoric times. Nagpur and its surrounding region also find a mention in the Vedic and Mauryan scriptures. Nagpur city's foundation was laid by the Gond King of Deogad "Bakht Buland Shah" in the year 1703. Chand Sultan, successor to Bakht Buland Shah, constructed a three-mile long wall around his City by the Nag River. In 1743, it became the capital of Raghoji Rao Bhonsle’s kingdom. The Bhonsle period witnessed peace with cultural and economic prosperity.

Cottage and handloom industry started developing during this period. The city was annexed in 1817 by the British after the defeat of Appasaheb Bhosale in the Battle of Sitabuldi. Consciousness for planned city development was raised by Sir Patrick Geddes, who visited the city in 1915. The Nagpur Improvement Trust (N.I.T.) was established in 1936 to carry out planned development in the city. The British Government made Nagpur the capital of the new state named Central Province in mid-19th century and it remained so till 1956, after which it became the second capital of Maharashtra.

Thus Nagpur has enjoyed the status of being the administrative centre of Central India during the ancient and medieval eras. It carries a legacy of cultural and economic prosperity. Its proximity to tribal areas has also ensured the preservation of its natural resources, i.e., minerals and forests. In the modern era, though Nagpur has lost its politically prime position, natural aspects of geography, climate and location continue to position it favourably for prospering as an economic hub.

There are quite a few Nagpur tourist attractions in the city of Maharashtra. These places are quite popular among the tourists who come to visit this city of India. Some of the major places of interest in the city are the Balaji Mandir, the Ambazari Lake, the Seminary Hill and the Maharaj Baug and Zoo.
The Balaji Mandir is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Nagpur. The deity worshiped in this temple is Lord Balaji. It is situated on the Seminary Hills.

The Ambazari Lake is one of the main tourist attractions in Nagpur. The children in particular find this place very amusing, as it offers a variety of popular games. The lake is the biggest and most beautiful of all the lakes that are located in the city.

The Seminary Hill stands at a distance of about 6 kms to the west of the Nagpur old city. The tourists throng this hillock to get a spectacular view of the Nagpur city.

The Maharaj Baug and Zoo is another important tourist attraction at Nagpur. It was established by the rulers belonging to the Bhonsle dynasty. The Maharaj Baug, which was a garden, has been converted into a botanical garden. The zoo located here pulls the tourists to this place.

There are quite a few other Nagpur tourist attractions like the Nawegaon Bandh, the Khekranala, the Pench National Park and the Sitabuldi Fort. All these tourist destinations, along with some others, have a lot of contribution in the tourism industry of the city of Nagpur.

Nagpur tourist attractions :

  • Ambazari Lake, Nagpur
  • Seminary Hill, Nagpur
  • Sitabuldi Fort, Nagpur
  • Khernakala, Nagpur
  • Balaji Mandir, Nagpur
  • Sri Poddareshwar Ram Mandir
  • Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground
  • Maharaj Baug & Zoo
  • Ramtek, Nagpur
  • Pench national park
  • Nawegaon Bandh, Nagpur

The town is dominated by the British fort, which was built in 1818 on the twin hills of Sitabuldi in the centre of the city. The surrounding region is an undulating plateau rising northward to the Satpura Range, from 889 to 2,142 feet (271 to 653 m). In the west, the hills are forested. In the northeast are the hills of Ramtek. The region is drained by the Kanhan and Pench Rivers in the center, the Wardha in the west, and the Wainganga in the east. Both these rivers later merge as tributaries into the Godavari River. The soil in the west and the north isfertile black (cotton) and that in the east alluvial in nature.

he climate of Nagpur follows a typical seasonal monsoon weather pattern. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June and can be as high as 48 C. The onset of monsoon is usually from July. The season extends up to September with the monsoons peaking during July and August. After monsoons, the average temperature varies between 27 C and approx 6-7 C right through December and January. The average annual rainfall is 45 inches, with more rain in the east than in the west.

Nagpur is located at practically the geographical center of India; in fact, the Zero Milestone of India (a heritage monument) is in this city. (Nagpur is 837 km from Mumbai, 1094 km south of Delhi, 1092 km north of Chennai and 1140 km west of Kolkata). All major highways -- NH-7 (Varanasi - Kanyakumari) and NH-6 (Mumbai - Sambalpur - Kolkata) and major railway trunk routes (Mumbai, Chennai, Howrah and Delhi) pass through the city.

An electrified broad gauge railway track connects Nagpur to the four major metros. Destinations connected include Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Kolhapur, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Jammu, Amritsar, Lucknow, Varanasi, Bhubaneshwar, Thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Gorakhpur, Visakhapatnam, Bangalore, Mangalore, Patna and Indore.

The Sonegaon airport is 7.5 kilometres south of Nagpur city. It is connected to some important Indian and international cities including Mumbai, Calcutta, Delhi, Hyderabad, Raipur, Singapore, Saudi Arabia and Bangkok.
Thus, distance and connectivity with all the important Indian cities gives Nagpur an inherent advantage. It can be seen as a transport hub, connecting the Indian cities to each other and international destinations as well. Various IT and ITES companies are also viewing this characteristic as a strong positive factor. The city provides access to its own skilled manpower and also to that of the entire region.

The Nagpur district consists of Nagpur Municipal Corporation, 10 municipalities, 13 panchayat samitis and 778 gram panchayats. The total area covered is about 9897 sq. km. of which Nagpur city accounts for 217.65 sq. km. (2.2%). The district population (as per Census of India - 2001) was 40.51 lakhs of which 20.52 lakhs (about 50%) were in Nagpur city. The average population density of Nagpur is quite low as compared to other comparable cities of India. The figure was 95 persons per ha in 20015.

It is estimated that 36% of the population in the city of Nagpur lives in slums. There are about 427 slum pockets in the city spread over an area of about 17 sq. km. Of the 427 slums, 292 slums are notified slums. In 1997, the slum population of Nagpur was about 6.61 lakhs, which increased to 7.4 lakhs in 2001 and 8.08 lakhs in 2005, thus showing a growth of 22% in the last eight years. Of the 8.08 lakh population, about 20% lives in non-notified slums (Source: Slum department, NMC).

As per Census of India (2001), Nagpur’s population is about 20.52 lakhs. The population trends of the city show a declining growth rate over the decades. It has decreased from 48.3% in 1921-31 to 32.6% in 1991-2001. Based on the linear projection method, the growth rate may reduce in the next three decades to 22.2% (2021-31). Accordingly, in the next 25 years Nagpur’s population would double. But, considering the recent development projects like Multimodal International Hub Airport – Nagpur (MIHAN) and IT sector’s likely investments in the city, Nagpur’s growth rate may revive itself and Nagpur’s population may double by 2021, i.e. in the next 15 years. Nagpur needs to plan for its infrastructure accordingly. In the graph below the corrected figure population reflects that the level of population that can be attained if the all the proposed investments in and around the city like the MIHAN project fully materialise.

As per Census of India 2001, the attractiveness of the city for migrants has been decreasing. In the last decade (1991-2001), almost 46% of the population growth has been due to inmigration. The figure has declined to 24% in the last four years (1997-2001), as per Census 2001. Further, data regarding key reasons for migration shows that attractiveness of the city as a business destination is also low. Most of the migrants have originated from the rural areas. The key reasons for migration by the male population were work/employment (49%), followed by movement of household (22%) and education (10%). The proportion of people shifting for business purposes was very small.

The distribution of population is highly uneven. The city is characterised by low-rise development, which is dense in the older and inner parts of the city, and by a lot of vacant land in the outer areas of the city. The inner city area of the city had high densities of 700-850 persons per ha (as per Census 1991) and also along national highways, NH-6 and NH-7. But the peripheral areas indicated densities ranging from as low as 10 persons per ha to 150 persons per ha.

Nagpur measures well on various liveability indices in comparison with other cities. It has the lowest income inequality among various cities in the country. ‘India Today – R K Swamy BBDO Guide to Urban Markets’, also ranked the city as the tenth wealthiest, highestconsuming and most aware Indian city in 2004. Nagpur’s vantage location coupled with growth triggers like the construction of the east-west and north-south corridors, proposed investments in the multimodal transport hub, development of the special economic zone, and revival of industries in the Vidarbha region would stimulate economic growth.

In addition, Nagpur has all the ingredients for emerging as a high quality service centre. IT being a knowledge-based industry, quality human resources are one of its key requirements. The region around Nagpur has 27 engineering colleges with about 8,600 engineering students passing out of these colleges every year. (After the Pune region, Nagpur has the highest number of engineering colleges in the state of Maharashtra.) This would render Nagpur an attractive location for the IT-ITES industry. Low labour cost and the availability of highly skilled manpower would add to Nagpur’s attractiveness. Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) units would also consider Nagpur as a business destination, as they prefer locations with low cost of living. The figure for Nagpur is substantially lower as compared to most other IT destinations in the country. A Dataquest-IDC study of the top ten IT cites in India ranked Nagpur seventh, based on parameters such as manpower availability, information, communication and technology (ICT) infrastructure availability and usage, lifestyle and environment. Also, as per the KPMG – NASSCOM survey, Nagpur is one of the top four tier II cities that have a huge potential for information technology and IT enabled services. Nagpur holds a strategic position in international aviation routes. Its unique location at the crossing of the air route between Europe and South-East Asia as well as between South Africa and North-East Asia makes it a logical and ideal location for a passenger and cargo hub.7 Within India also, the fact that the trunk north-south and east-west highways and railways also cross at Nagpur makes it a natural choice as a transport hub based on multimodal transport principles.

Nagpur has adequate reasons to grow at a faster pace than the past. The slowing down in the decadal population growth can be taken as a proxy for decreasing levels of economic activity in the region. It has been on several occasions stated by various stakeholders that, unlike Pune, Nagpur has not been able to retain the huge graduating pool of engineers and doctors.

This has mainly been attributed to the lack of adequate employment opportunities in the city. What has probably held back economic growth in the past is the lack of priority given to Nagpur (and Vidarbha in general) by successive state governments. It has been welldocumented by the Dandekar Committee (1984) that at 1982-83 prices, the total developmental backlog in Maharashtra state excluding Mumbai was Rs.3177 crores. Out of which, Vidarbha’s share was Rs.1247 crores, about 40% of the state backlog (excluding Mumbai). The developmental backlog for Marathwada and Western Maharashtra was relatively lower at Rs.751 crores and Rs.884 crores. The backlog over the years has increased further while that for the rest of Maharashtra has declined. As of April 2000, the developmental backlog has increased to Rs.9830 crores.

The trigger that Nagpur is mainly looking at is the MIHAN project. The proposed MIHAN project is expected to spread over 4,025 hectares at a cost of Rs.2000 crores. Besides the airport, the proposed project involves a road-rail terminal, a special economic zone (SEZ) and other urban amenities to meet the needs of the working population in around the proposed airport. The SEZ will provide the right platform for exploiting the latent economic potential of Nagpur city. The SEZ project has potential to create over 1.2 lakhs jobs in Nagpur city.

The idea of the MIHAN and SEZ project together is based detailed market studies. It has been observed that each of the industries that will be contained in the SEZ has been chosen on the basis of the human and natural resource advantages that Nagpur city has to offer to prospective investors. The same is true for the transport hub project. About 18 percent of the working population is involved in transportation and allied businesses. This figure for cities like Bangalore, Surat, Indore, Ahmedabad and Chandigarh is in single digits. This implies that the share of the working population involved in transportation and allied industries is higher than what is prevailing in other cities. This can be attributed to the unique geographical positioning of Nagpur city. This industry is mainly driven by the unorganized sector. The effort of MIHAN is to capture the inherent advantages in an organized and scientific manner. The availability of both human and natural resources goes a long way to ensure that the MIHAN project is rooted in reality. The details of the MIHAN and the SEZ project are listed below.

Easy availability of constructed premises, tailor-made to suit the needs of the ITES-BPO industry, replete with plug and play facilities at low cost, serves as a major attraction for the ITES-BPO industry. Satyam Computers already has bought 100 acres of land in the SEZ area. Construction majors Shapoorji Pallonji and L&T Infocity have already initiated plans to develop IT parks over an area of 150 acres in the SEZ area.

The airport is projected to handle about 14 million passengers a year (70% international) and 870,000 tonnes of cargo (90% international) in 30 years time. It is expected that by 2015, 62,000 aircraft movements per year would take place at the Nagpur airport. Boeing has identified the MIHAN SEZ as a potential site for a $100 million investment in creating a maintenance, repair and overhaul facility (MRO). The airport will be backed by several value-adding economic activities, which will be covered by a SEZ spread over 1475 hectares.      

      

 

   

      

 

Nagpur lies on the north-south, east-west corridor of the National Highway Development Programme. Goods traffic passing through Nagpur is expected to increase significantly. Air cargo shipped in and out of Nagpur will require multimodal terminal connectivity. Thus, a road and rail terminal will be crucially needed in the MIHAN area. If Nagpur were to act as a major distribution hub for the entire country, the multimodal terminal will also require warehousing facilities including cold storage.

       

 

        

 

Nagpur city’s health care facilities presently cater to the needs of the three-crore strong population of Vidarbha and adjoining districts of MP and Chattisgarh. Since there is no other city in a 300 km radius with good medical facilities, the city offers an excellent opportunity for health care establishments/corporate hospitals. The healthcare industry already has a substantial presence in the city; the numerous medical colleges would ensure an easy supply of trained manpower to the industry. The presence of an international airport in the vicinity can ensure easy access to the facilities to patients from all over the world. Nagpur can potentially attract medical tourists if not from all over the world but certainly from countries in the South Asia and the Middle East.

The Government of Maharashtra is actively considering this project and has already released Rs.80 crores towards land acquisition. Already, 1450 hectares of the 1475 hectares required for the SEZ have been acquired. The contract for the road-rail terminal has been awarded to a consortium led by logistics major SICAL. Boeing has already committed investments of $100 million in developing a MRO and pilot training facility.

One of the problems that emerged through the stakeholder consultations was that Nagpur does not get adequate power supply due to large scale industrial activity. This problem faced by existing and prospective entrepreneurs would be resolved to a considerable extent in the coming years. Several power projects have been planned, given the geographical advantages that Nagpur has to offer.

The Nagpur region has large deposits of coal. The Western India Coalfields has its head office in Nagpur and has large mining operations in a 150 km radius of the present Nagpur airport. As a result, coal washing is also a major industry around Nagpur. Due to large deposits of coal in the region, it offers an attractive location for coal-based power generation. It is estimated that coal deposits are sufficient to generate 4500 MW of power annually. The planned power generation capacity of Koradi and Khaparkheda will add another 1500 MW of power. The SEZ area in the MIHAN region will also have its captive power generating plant of 100 MW for assured power supply. Nagpur will also witness an investment of Rs180 crores for revamping and modernising the distribution system under the Accelerated Power Development and Reform Programme. This will improve the quality and reliability of power distributed.

 

 

 

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Last Updated

Wednesday 18 October 2017

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